Whether it’s vape juice, e-juice, or e-liquid, they all have the same content, irrespective of the brand, flavor, size, or label. Knowing what vape juice is made of can help you decide what kind of vape liquids to vape, as you’ll know how each ingredient affects your vaping experience.
It also puts you in the league of the pro vapers, who can never go wrong with vape juice selections and even make their own vape juices.
There are 5 basic ingredients in vape juice:
Propylene Glycol and Vegetable Glycerin are the base e-liquid ingredients. They usually come in combination ratios, but overall they make up about 80-90% of the total contents of vape juice. The exception is special Max VG or PG vape liquids that may contain up to 99% VG or PG.
Water, flavoring concentrates, and nicotine make up about 10-18% of any e-liquid. The variations in percentages will depend on the kind of e-liquid produced. For instance, nicotine salts will contain as much as 10-30 % of the e-liquid.
Here are the main vape juice ingredients and their respective roles in the e-liquids in which they are used.
Propylene Glycol is an odorless, colorless, and slightly viscous liquid gotten from laboratory synthesis or Propylene oxide. PG is an essential additive in cosmetics and skincare products, and in foods, beverages, and e-liquids. The main functions of PG in any liquid include:
PG also works as an antifreeze agent in e-liquids, thanks to its extremely low freezing point.
Vegetable Glycerin (VG) is an odorless and slightly sweet natural chemical derived from vegetable oils. It is a very viscous liquid, thicker than PG. Glycerin is a chemical that can be extracted from plant and animal fats. However, the Glycerin used in the vaping industry is gotten only from plant fats; this is why it’s called vegetable glycerin.
VG is one of the base vape juice ingredients and serves similar functions as PG. These functions include:
VG also performs some unique functions:
Different VG and PG combination ratios produce different effects in e-liquids. These effects are evident in the taste, flavor, harshness, and cloud thickness of vape clouds. Most vapers simply go for the popular ratios like the 70VG/30PG and 50VG/50PG blends. Here are some tips that can help you select the perfect PG/VG ratio.
This is the addictive substance in vape liquids that causes intoxication while vaping. It is gotten from the tobacco plant. The higher the nicotine levels of an e-liquid, the faster you’ll get high. Apart from satisfying cravings, nicotine can also help improve the flavor of a throat hit.
Most vape juices have very low nicotine content (about 2%), so vapers can enjoy vaping without getting easily intoxicated. However, these types of fluids don’t favor all vapers. Here are 2 factors that should determine the nicotine content you choose:
Flavorings used in vape liquids are always food-grade. Normally, PG and VG can’t produce many flavors on their own, but when mixed with food flavorings, they can result in sweet, strong flavors.
Flavorings can’t take more than 10% of the entire contents of vape juice; they’re usually in the range of 3-7%. Most times, different flavoring concentrates are combined to produce a unique flavor or taste (especially fruit flavors). Common vape juice flavors include:
Water: Water is required in vape liquids to provide consistency and help the PG, VG, and flavorings mix. It also helps in the production of lingering vapor. The water content of e-liquids is usually little, mostly negligible.
The main vape juice ingredients are PG, VG, flavors, nicotine, and water. However, you may find these other ingredients in electronic cigarettes that use cartridges:
Vape juice is primarily made of water, Propylene Glycol, Vegetable Glycerin, Nicotine, and Flavorings. These ingredients are combined in specific concentrations to give the vape juice unique properties. However, in the course of production and refilling vape tanks/cartridges, other chemical compounds and metals can become part of the mixture.
Yes, vape juice has nicotine. Nicotine is necessary to quench the nicotine cravings of most vapers. Without nicotine, vaping won’t be a viable alternative to smoking, as vape users won’t get any intoxication from it. In other words, the nicotine in vape liquids helps most smokers quit.
Most vape liquids have a nicotine content of about 10-24 mg, while nicotine salts may have as much as 36 mg or more. However, there are nicotine-free e-liquids for individuals who are allergic to nicotine or who just desire a nicotine-free vape.
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